Suppose that the Key Connection Analysis (KCA) showed that there are two routes linking areas A and B and no route links areas A and C. Simply speaking, two solutions increasing the network efficiency are possible:

a) Growth mode: redirecting one of the routes to link areas A and C.

  • Operational costs remain unchanged, network’s attractiveness grows twofold: due to reduced duplication and a new direct connection being offered between A and C. This leads to an increase in passenger numbers and ticket revenue.

b) Savings mode: cancelling one of the routes between A and B.

  • Operational costs drop due to reduced vehicle usage, network’s attractiveness increases due to reduced duplication. Passenger numbers and ticket revenue remain unchanged.

The choice of either of the above solutions or a combination of both depends on priorities of a public transport authority in each case.